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Commission I - Stratigraphy, inventory and conservation of peatlands

Chairman: Dr. Lars Lundin
Department of Soil and Environment new!
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
P.O. Box 7014
S-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
phone: +46 18 671070
fax: +46 18 673156
E-mail: lars.lundin at slu.se

Vice Chair
Ass. Professor Maria Strack
Department of Geography
University of Calgary
Canada
Email: mstrack at ucalgary.ca

Peatland Geology Working Group

Coordinators:

Mrs. Mall Orru
Geological Survey of Estonia
Kadaka Str. 80/82
EE-12618 Tallinn
ESTONIA
Tel. +372 6 72 00 89
E-mail: orru at egk.ee

Mr. Kimmo Virtanen
Samoilijantie 3 A 2
FIN-70200 Kuopio
FINLAND
E-mail: kimmo.virtanen at gsf.fi

Peatland Ecology Working Group

Coordinator:

Mr. Mati Ilomets
Tallinn University of Educational Sciences
Inst. of Ecology, Wetlands Group
Kevade str. 2
EE-10137 Tallinn
ESTONIA
Tel. +372 6622 187
Fax: +372 6622283
E-mail: ilomets at eco.edu.ee

Peatland Hydrology Working Group

Coordinator:

Mrs. Elve Lode
SLU, Skoglig Marklära
Box 7001
S-750 07 Uppsala
SWEDEN
Tel. +46 18 672245
Fax: +46 18 673470
E-mail: elve at eco.edu.ee, elve.lode at sml.slu.se


Annual Report 2010

Scope

The IPS Commission I embraces inventory, stratigraphy and conservation of peatlands. Included in this context are ecology, geology, hydrology, biology and terminology. Peat formation is also an issue. Each of these subjects could constitute a working group. A perspective is to achieve new activities within the working groups, while keeping in mind collaboration with other Commissions.

State

The Commission addresses all IPS members interested in Commission I activities. Traditionally there have been members from 13 countries; Belarus, Canada, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Hungary, the Netherlands, Norway, Ireland, Russia, Sweden, U.K. and U.S. An invitation was sent out from the IPS Secretariat for all IPS members to sign up in Commissions. Replies showed for Commission I 69 names from 17 countries having interest. There has also been a start of Working groups (WG); Geology, Ecology and Hydrology. However, activities in the groups have been small during 2010.

At the quadrennial meeting 2008 in Tullamore a vice chairman was elected and this is Ass. Professor Maria Strack, Department of Geography, University of Calgary, Canada; mstrack@ucalgary.ca
http://www.geog.ucalgary.ca/index.cfm?page=people&style=2&this=332

Activities and Plans

The priorities of the Commission I remain with Inventory, Stratigraphy and Conservation of mires and peatlands with special relation to the working groups.

Two Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) meetings have been held; Jyväskylä, Finland June 14-18 in conjunction with the IPS Convention and Annual Assembly and two Conferences related on Peat Technology and After-use of peatlands where also the cooperation on Wise After-Use of Peatlands; Rehabilitation and Restoration was included. The second SAB meeting was carried out on e-mail contacts during the week November 15-19. Issues addressed at the meeting were IPS Strategy on Responsible Peatland Management, plans for a new Commission X on Climate change, web site, Journal Mires and Peat, Best Practice Guidelines for After use of Cutaway Peatlands and IPC 2012.

The Commission chair participated in a Swedish peat conference on “Peatlands – an important resource; How to manage these lands?”  arranged on December 2010 by the Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture and Forestry in cooperation with the Swedish Peat Research Foundation and IPC 2012.

As current activities, the Commission I participates in the initiative on Wise After-Use of Peatlands; Rehabilitation and Restoration. In connection to this there was carried out a restoration excursion in Finland 2010. The Commission I is also active in the planning of IPC 2012 as organiser and in the scientific commission. Further, it follows current issues in relation to increasing need of biofuel and consequences of peat use for climate change with reporting to IPCC and preservation of biodiversity with connections to IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature). There are connections also to IMCG. In relation to hydrology, intentions are on ongoing initiatives for reference sites in an international network.

The arrangements of activities and meetings beyond conferences and other co-arrangements are still rather problematic to carry out due to lack of financing.

Annual Report 2009

Scope

The IPS Commission I embraces inventory, stratigraphy and conservation of peatlands. Included in this context are ecology, geology, hydrology, biology and
terminology. Each of these subjects could constitute a working group. A perspective is to achieve new activities within the working groups, while keeping in mind collaboration with other Commissions.

State

The Commission addresses all IPS members interested in Commission I activities. So far there are members from 13 countries; Belarus, Canada,
Estonia, Finland, Greece, Hungary, the Netherlands, Norway, Ireland, Russia, Sweden, UK and the USA. An invitation has been sent out from the IPS Secretariat for all IPS members to sign up to Commissions. For Commission I, 69 persons from 17 countries showed interest. There has also been a start of Working groups (WG); Geology, Ecology and Hydrology. However, activities in the groups have been small during 2009.

At the quadrennial meeting 2008 in Tullamore, a Vice Chairman was elected and this is Ass. Professor Maria Strack, Department of Geography, University
of Calgary, Canada, email: mstrack@ucalgary.ca. More information can be found at www.geog.ucalgary.ca/index.cfm?page=people&style=2&this=332.

Activities and Plans

The priorities of the Commission I remain with Inventory, Stratigraphy and Conservation of mires and peatlands with special relation to the working groups.

Reports of Commissions

Two Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) meetings have been held; in Belfast, Ireland on 24 April and in Brussels, Belgium on 27 October 2009. Items on the Agenda were especially the IPS Strategy for Responsible Peatland Management,
the International Peat Congresses (IPC) 2016 and 2012, the Practical Application of Wise Use and Best Practice Guidelines for After-Use of Cut-away Peatlands, the Mires and Peat Journal and the Terminology WG. These activities are considered in the future work plan. In the beginning of 2010, the IPS Award of Excellence should be decided and applicants evaluated.

As current activities, the Commission I participates in the initiative on Wise After-Use of Peatlands; Rehabilitation and Restoration. In connection to this there are planned restoration excursions in Finland 2010 and in Sweden 2011. Commission I is also active in the planning of IPC 2012.

Further, it follows current issues in relation to an increasing need of biofuels and consequences of peat use for climate change with reporting to IPCC and preservation of biodiversity with connections to e.g. Network of Excellence A Long-term Biodiversity, Ecosystem and Awareness Research Network (NoE ALTER-Net)

There are connections also to the International Mire Conservation Group
(IMCG). In relation to hydrology, intentions are on ongoing initiatives for reference sites in an international network. The arrangements of activities and meetings beyond conferences and other co-arrangements are still rather problematic to carry out due to lack of financing.


Annual Report 2008

Scope

The IPS Commission I embraces inventory, stratigraphy and conservation of peatlands. Included in this context are ecology, geology, hydrology, biology and terminology. Each of these subjects could constitute a working group. A perspective is to achieve new activities within the working groups, while keeping in mind collaboration with other Commissions.

State

The Commission addresses all IPS members interested in Commission I activities from all countries to sign up and join the Commission. So far there are members from 13 countries; Belarus, Canada, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Hungary, the Netherlands, Norway, Ireland, Russia, Sweden, United Kingdom and the United States. An invitation has been sent out from the IPS Secretariat for all IPS members to sign up for different Commissions. Activities of the Working groups (WG) on Geology, Ecology and Hydrology have been low during 2008.

Activities and Plans

The priorities of Commission I remain with Inventory, Stratigraphy and Conservation of mires and peatlands with special relation to the working groups of geology, hydrology and ecology.

Two Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) meetings have been held. The first was in Tullamore, Ireland on 8 June 2008 and the other in Jyväskylä, Finland on 20 - 21 November 2008. There has also been a meeting of the working group on Terminology in Tullamore, Ireland in June 2008 and further on work on the publication has continued by e-mail.

In June 2008, the International Peat Congress took place and Commission I members participated in the scientific work and reviewed a large number of contributions. During the Congress, the quadrennial meeting of the Commission was held, including the election of the steering board which is recorded in the minutes.

There should also be future discussion and consideration on the role of the Commission for considering inventory, biodiversity and peat as a natural resource.  An overview of various projects and excursions that Commission members have participated in was also presented.

The Swedish National Committee nominated Lars Lundin to continue as Chair of Commission I. The proposal was carried. It was also agreed that a Vice Chair should be appointed. Maria Strack from Canada was proposed and elected for this post.

Commission I was also active in contributing to the “Peatlands and Climate Change” book. It also participated in the organisation of the annual IMCG - IPS meeting, held in June 2008. The Commission Chair attended the 6th European Ramsar meeting in Stockholm, Sweden on 3 - 7 May 2008.

In the Working Group on Geology, Mall Orru continued her work on harmonisation of peat geological methods. It is important to develop peatland survey technology, the comparison of peat type characteristics, including humification determinations and other physical and chemical properties. In addition, a review and presentations of the UN classifications and the standardisation of industrial and other systems would be beneficial. A report is expected on this work.

Durable decisions

Regarding ideas for a new inventory of mires and peatlands, it was found best to keep updated with ongoing work rather than to start new inventories. There is a lot of new information on webpages such as those of IMCG and GLOBWET. Also work on the ALTER-Net project “Peat Bank” should be considered.

Intentions of the Ecology Working Group on possible activities refer to biodiversity and assessment with plans for a seminar or workshop in the coming years. The Commission has contacts with the NoE ALTER-Net regarding biodiversity and ecosystem services that also include wetlands. Plans for a review and indicator work have been made.

In the Hydrology Working Group, intentions are focused on current initiatives for reference sites, partly catchments, in an international network in collaboration with existing sites. No further progress was made in 2008.

The EC statement that, on the whole, peat is not a renewable natural resource was discussed from various points of view in different countries. IPCC has classified peat as “PEAT” which however, according to the EC classification, rejects its recognition as a biofuel and places it in one group together with oil and coal. However, each country may decide to resolve this problem from their own point of view.  There are costs for emission trading and the question of sustainability will, however, be an ongoing issue.

Further, ideas on ecology/biodiversity development for mires and peatlands were brought up and it was mentioned that contacts should be made with Ramsar, the Convention on Biological Diversity and the World Wildlife Fund, among others.

The Commission also follows activities within the other Commissions of IPS.

The arrangements of activities and meetings beyond conferences and other co-arrangements are still rather problematic to carry out due to a lack of financing.


Annual Report 2007

Scope

IPS Commission I embraces inventory, stratigraphy and conservation of peatlands. Included in this context are ecology, geology, hydrology, biology and terminology. Each of these subjects could constitute a working group. A perspective is to achieve new activities within the working groups, while keeping in mind collaboration with other Commissions.

State

All IPS members interested in Commission I activities are invited to sign up and join. So far there are members from 13 countries: Belarus, Canada, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Hungary, the Netherlands, Norway, Ireland, Russia, Sweden, UK and US.

There has also been a start to form Working Groups (WG) for Geology, Ecology and Hydrology. Responsible for the WGs are: Geology – Mall Orru, Estonia and Kimmo Virtanen, Finland; Ecology – Mati Ilomets, Estonia; Hydrology – Elve Lode, Estonia/Sweden.

Activities and Plans

The priorities of Commission I continue to be Inventory, Stratigraphy and Conservation of mires and peatlands with special relation to the working groups of geology, hydrology and ecology.

Two Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) meetings have been held; the first in Tullamore, Ireland on March 9, 2007 and the other in Bad Senkelteich, Vloto, Germany on November 2, 2007. There has also been a meeting of the working group on peatlands and climate change in Tullamore, Ireland on March 8, 2007 and further work on the publication has been carried out by e-mail.

Commission I participated in planning and carrying out the annual IPS-IMCG meeting, held in June 25-28, 2007 with seminars and excursions in the central part of Sweden. The Commission I chair was also involved to the bilateral meeting and excursion of the Finnish Peat Association and the Swedish Peat Research Foundation group on September 18-20, 2007.

In the working group on geology, Mall Orru continued her work on harmonisation of peat geological methods. It is important to develop
peatland survey technology, comparison of peat type characteristics, peat types and humification determinations and other studies on the physical and chemical properties of peat. Then of course to review and present UN classifications, standardisation of industrial classification and other classification system would be beneficial.

Durable Decisions

Regarding ideas for a new inventory of mires and peatlands, it was found better to keep updated with ongoing work than to start new inventories. There is a lot of new information in webpages such as IMCG and GLOBWET. Also work in an ALTERNet project “Peat Bank” should be considered.

From the Ecology working group intentions on activities to be carried out refer to biodiversity and assessment to be elaborated with plans for a seminar or workshop in the coming years. The Commission has contacts to the NoE ALTER-Net regarding biodiversity and ecosystem services also in wetlands. Plans for a review and indicator work have started.

In the Hydrology working group intentions are to continue ongoing initiatives for reference sites, partly as catchments, in an international network in collaboration with existing sites.

Peat as a natural resource was discussed from various points of view
in different countries as was the EC statement that mainly considers it as
a not renewable resource. IPCC has classified peat as “PEAT” but it would,
by EC anyhow, suffer from not being a biofuel but considered together with
oil and coal. However, each country may decide about its viewpoint, which
will be accepted, related to the existing special importance. Costs for emission
trading are there and are proving most variable. Sustainability will, however,
be an ongoing issue.

Further, ideas on ecology/biodiversity development for mires and peatlands were brought up and it was mentioned that contacts should be made with Ramsar, the Biodiversity convention and the World Wildlife Fund among others.

The Commission also follows other activities within the other Commissions of IPS. The arrangements of activities and meetings beyond conferences and
other co-arrangements are still rather problematic to carry out due to lack of
financial resources.These and other issues will be brought up at the forthcoming quadrennial Commission meeting in June.

Annual Report 2006

Scope

The IPS Commission I embraces inventory, stratigraphy and conservation of peatlands. Included in this context are ecology, geology, hydrology, biology and terminology. Each of these subjects could constitute a working group. A perspective is to achieve new activities within the working groups, while keeping in mind collaboration with other Commissions.

State

The Commission addresses all IPS members interested in its activities from all countries to sign up and join the Commission. So far there are members from 13 countries; Belarus, Canada, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Hungary, the Netherlands, Norway, Ireland, Russia, Sweden, United Kingdom and the USA. The three Working Groups have continued their work: Geology, Ecology and Hydrology.
Responsible for the WGs are: Geology – Mall Orru, Estonia and Kimmo Virtanen, Finland; Ecology – Mati Ilomets, Estonia; Hydrology – Elve Lode, Estonia/Sweden.

Activities and Plans

The priorities of Commission I remain with Inventory, Stratigraphy and Conservation of mires and peatlands with special relation to the working groups on geology, hydrology and ecology. The chair took part in the IPS Annual Assembly in Hanover on 4 - 6 May 2006.

Two Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) meetings have been held, the first being in Hanover on 4 May 2006 and the second in Badhoevedorp on 29 October. There have also been meetings of the working group on peatlands and climate change in Helsinki on 1 February and in Frankfurt on 2 June.

In the Working Group on geology, Mall Orru has continued the work on harmonisation of peat geological methods. The need has been recognised and continuing work was approved.

Durable decisions

Regarding ideas for a new inventory of mires and peatlands, it was found best to keep updated with ongoing work rather than to start new inventories. There is a lot of new information available online, for instance at the website of IMCG and GLOBWET.

From the Ecology working group, intentions on activities to be carried out refer to biodiversity and assessment, to be elaborated with plans for a seminar or workshop in the coming years. The Commission has contacts to the NoE ALTER-Net regarding biodiversity and ecosystem services, also in wetlands. Plans for a review and indicator work have started.

In the Hydrology working group, the intentions are on ongoing initiatives for reference sites, partly as catchments, in an international network in collaboration with existing sites.

Peat as a natural resource was discussed from various points of view in different countries, including the EC statement that peat is mainly not a renewable resource. However, each country may decide on its own viewpoint, which will be accepted, depending on the existing factors of special importance. Sustainability will, however, be an ongoing issue.

Furthermore, ideas on ecology/biodiversity development for mires and peatlands were brought up and it was mentioned that contacts should be made or continued with Ramsar, the Biodiversity convention and the World Wildlife Fund, among others.

The Commission also follows activities within the other Commissions of IPS. The arrangements of activities and meetings beyond conferences and other co-arrangements are still rather problematic to carry out due to lack of financing.

Annual Report 2005

Scope

The IPS Commission I embraces inventory, stratigraphy and conservation of peatlands. Included in this context are ecology, geology, hydrology, biology and terminology. Each of these subjects could constitute a working group. A perspective is to achieve new activities within the working groups, while keeping in mind collaboration with other Commissions.

State

The Commission addresses all IPS members interested in Commission I activities from all countries to sign up and join the Commission. So far there are members from 13 countries; Belarus, Canada, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Hungary, the Netherlands, Norway, Ireland, Russia, Sweden, United Kingdom and USA.

A start has also been made to establish Working groups (WG) for Geology, Ecology and Hydrology. Those responsible for each group are as follows: Geology – Mall Orru, Estonia and Kimmo Virtanen, Finland; Ecology – Mati Ilomets, Estonia; Hydrology – Elve Lode, Estonia/Sweden.

Activities and Plans

The priorities of the Commission I remain with Inventory, Stratigraphy and Conservation of mires and peatlands including a special relation to the working groups of geology, hydrology and ecology. The chair took part in the Annual Assembly meeting in Warsaw May 9, 2005.

Two  Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) meetings have been held, first in Warsaw on 8 May 2005 and the other in Copenhagen on 17 November when also a working group on peatlands and climate change was established. This group met for the first time in Helsinki on February 1, 2006.

In the Working group on geology, Mall Orru continued the work on the harmonisation of peat geological methods. The need for this has been recognised and continuing work was approved.

Durable decisions

Regarding ideas for a new inventory of mires and peatlands, it was found best to keep updated with ongoing work than to start new inventories. There is a lot of new information in webpages such as IMCG and GLOBWET.
From the Ecology working group, intentions on activities to be carried out refer to biodiversity and assessments to be elaborated with plans for a seminar or workshop in the coming years. The Commission has contacts to the NoE ALTER-Net regarding biodiversity and ecosystem services, including in wetlands. Plans for a review and even meta-analysis have been proposed.

In the Hydrology working group, the intentions are to further ongoing initiatives for reference sites, partly as catchments, in an international network in collaboration with existing sites.

Peat as a natural resource was discussed from various standpoints in different countries as well as the EC statement on mainly non-renewable resource. However, each country may take its own viewpoint, which will be accepted, depending on matters of special importance. Sustainability will, however, be an ongoing issue.

Further, ideas on ecology/biodiversity development for mires and peatlands were brought up and it was mentioned that contacts should be made with Ramsar, the Biodiversity convention and the World Wildlife Fund, among others.
The Commission also follows other activities within the IPS.

The arangements of activities and meetings beyond conferences and other co-arrangements are still rather problematic to carry out due to lack of financing.

Annual Report 2004

Scope

The IPS Commission I embraces inventory, stratigraphy and conservation of peatlands. Included in this context are ecology, geology, hydrology, biology and terminology. Each of these subjects could constitute a working group. A perspective is to achieve new activities within the working groups, while keeping in mind collaboration with other Commissions.

State

The Commission encourages all IPS members interested in Commission I activities from all countries to sign up and join the Commission. So far there are members from 13 countries: Belarus, Canada, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Hungary, the Netherlands, Norway, Ireland, Russia, Sweden, UK and the USA.
The Working groups (WG) on Geology, Ecology and Hydrology have continued their work. They are coordinated by: Geology - Mall Orru, Estonia and Kimmo Virtanen, Finland; Ecology - Mati Ilomets, Estonia; Hydrology - Elve Lode, Estonia/Sweden.

Activities and Plans

The main event in 2004 was the 12th International Peat Congress in Tampere. Commission members took an active part in the congress and a Commission I meeting was held on 8 June with 12 participants from eight countries. The activities of the previous four years were reviewed and future activities discussed. It was concluded that the priorities of Commission I remain the Inventory, Stratigraphy and Conservation of mires and peatlands with special relation to the working groups on geology, hydrology and ecology.
Further, the tentative new structure of IPS with two “Committees” was discussed and Commission I accepted this plan as a basis for development in the future.
On 1 November, the first Scientific Advisory Board (SAB) meeting was held in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. With one exception, all commission chairs were present to report on current activities and future plans.

Meetings of the Commission

Regarding ideas for a new inventory of mires and peatlands, it was found best to keep updated with ongoing work than to start new inventories. There is a lot of new information in webpages such as IMCG and GLOBWET.

From the Working Group on geology, Mall Orru presented a draft programme for the harmonisation of peat geological methods. The need was recognised and continuation of the work was approved. The possibility of obtaining start funding for this work from the Estonian ministry was discussed, backed by a letter of support from the Chair. Following this approach it is anticipated that funding to enable the work to proceed will be forthcoming.

The Ecology working group has expressed its interest in activities in biodiversity and assessment, to be elaborated in plans for a seminar or workshop in the coming years.

In the Hydrology working group, after the ICE Wetland conference/workshop in 2003, the intentions are to support ongoing initiatives for reference sites, partly as catchments, in an international network.

Peat as a natural resource was discussed from various standpoints in different countries including the EC statement on mainly non-renewable resource. However, each country may have its own their viewpoint, which will be accepted, according to existing factors of special importance. Sustainability will, however, be an ongoing issue.

Further, ideas on ecology/biodiversity development for mires and peatlands were brought up and it was mentioned that contacts should be taken with Ramsar, the Biodiversity Convention and World Wildlife Fund, among others.
Lars Lundin was reelected Commission I chairman.

The Commission has also followed other activities within the IPS.
The arrangements of activities and meetings beyond conferences and other co-arrangements are still rather problematic to carry out due to lack of financing.

Annual Report 2003

Scope

IPS Commission I embraces inventory, stratigraphy and conservation of peatlands. Included in this context are ecology, geology, hydrology, biology and terminology. Each of these subjects could constitute a working group. A perspective is to achieve new activities within the working groups, while keeping in mind collaboration with other Commissions.

State

The Commission addresses all IPS members interested in Commission I activities from all countries to sign up and join the Commission. So far there are members from 13 countries; Belarus, Canada, Estonia, Finland, Greece, Hungary, the Netherlands, Norway, Ireland, Russia, Sweden, U.K. and U.S.
The following working groups continue to exist: Geology – Mall Orru, Estonia and Kimmo Virtanen, Finland; Ecology – Mati Ilomets, Estonia; Hydrology – Elve Lode, Estonia/Sweden.

Activities

The International Conference and Educational Workshop “Ecohydrological Processes in Northern Wetlands”, organised by Dr. Elve Lode, Institute of Ecology, Tallinn Pedagogical University, Estonia and Dr. Andrew Baird, Sheffield Wetlands Research Centre,University of Sheffield, UK., was held in Tallinn, Estonia on 30 June - 6 July 2003.

The conference took place during the first two days followed by a one day indoor workshop with presentations and a two day field workshop with demonstrations. After this, there also was a two day post conference tour to southern and western Estonia where 13 wetlands were visited.

There were 70 participants from 11 countries; Australia, Canada, England, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Holland, Latvia, Sweden, Poland, and Russia. The Conference included 37 oral and 23 poster presentations. In the Workshop, 4 themes were introduced by invited experts:

1. Measuring, analyzing and describing the soil-vegetation-atmospheres processes in wetlands,
2. Transmissivity and other important hydrophysical properties of wetland soils,
3. Monitoring the atmotro-phiation of floating fens,
4. Modelling flow and transport processes in wetlands.

The Conference and Workshop were jointly supported by:
NHF - Nordic Association for Hydrology
IAHS - International Association of Hydrological Sciences
SWS - Society of Wetland Scientists
IPS - International Peat Society.

The Commission has also followed other activities within the IPS.
The arrangements of activities and meetings beyond conferences and other co-arrangements are rather problematic to carry out due to lack of financing.

Plans

Ongoing work with inventories should be studied.
A Round Table discussion is planned for the International Peat Congress 2004 in Tampere. A further aim is to activate the working groups and to try to arrange meetings at conferences.
 

FNS